I don't understand this part, so gouldians moult first, then breed. so if I changed the time on a timer for 12 hours in spring, would that make them moult after I change the time from 9 hours to 12, and then 14 for breeding, because I know birds breed in the spring, I'm kind of confused. my question is basically saying, do they breed in the summer in the united states?
In the wild, Gouldians breed in the spring in Australia. When it is spring in Australia, it is fall in the U.S. Studies have shown that the best breeding results occur in the U.S. when the birds are ready for pairing for breeding in our fall. This doesn't always happen. It's best to just watch the birds for signs of courting and don't be distracted by what season it is for people in the U.S. Gouldians have not adjusted to breeding in our spring, so forget about what season we are in.
That said, think of it this way, you are in Chicago and Chicago doesn't have the same weather conditions that naturally occur in an Australian spring. Breeding domesticated Gouldians depends on the environment that is created or set up by a breeder to make the birds think that it has become spring wherever they are.
So, say your chicks hatch, complete their moult into their adult plumage and become young adults. They are ready to breed. Their breeding will only be successful if their environment is set up to give them a spring. Their daylight hours are increased to 14 hrs. a day, the temperature surrounding them must become warmer, (high 70's to low 80's). There must be an abundance of fresh greens and fresh egg food available. These changes encourage the parents to feel secure, to believe that everything they need to provide for their young is and will continue to be available to them as it would naturally be in a real spring. After breeding and raising several clutches, Gouldians get ready again to moult and the cycle starts again.
Hope this helps. Jeanie